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A: Yes. But unless they have independent witnessed then they will have proof problems. Think about it. I can’t speak to ID per se buy in FL, and in most Sates, in order to prove a battery the government needs someone to take the witness stand and testify under oath that they were struck against their will. As both boys have a 5th Amendment privilege not to incriminate themselves. If they are both Defendant’s in criminal court – even if they are also both listed as government witnesses in the other’s case – they cannot be compelled to testify, and if they refuse to do so then the State will have a serious proof problem.
Q: What are my options for my son as he was fighting back in self defense and they are still friends, neither one was hurt in the altercation.
A: Your son can claim self-defense in his case as an affirmative defense to the battery charge, Again, I can’t speak to ID but in FL self-defense is an affirmative defense which the Defendant can plead but must then prove (meaning that the Defendant effectively says “yes, I did it, but it was not unlawful for me to have done so under the circumstances).
Q: I cannot afford an Attorney do I ask for a Public Defender?
A: If you cannot afford a lawyer then the court generally must appoint one.
Q: What do I Not say when speaking to the Prosecutor and their offer of Diversion?
A: You will be best served letting a lawyer speak to the prosecutor. You do not speak the language and are therefore not on even footing. It would be a most unbalanced “non”-conversation.
Q: (Kinda): My son has no prior record and I think it is wrong to charge them with battery.
A: Respectfully, your thoughts on the matter are irrelevant.
All of this said, diversion is a program which is designed to make you think twice about future criminality by way of making you jump through a series of proverbial hoops during a period of supervision, successful completion of which results in a dismissal. The program is owned and operated by the State Attorney’s Office and they have absolute and unequivocal discretion as to whether to admit you, keep you or “graduate” you from their program. Knowing that, the question now is whether or not diversion is right for your son.
If he sucks it up, does what he’s supposed to do (when and as it is supposed to be done) and if he does not do anything that he is not supposed to do, then diversion is a guaranteed victory, which is A) something that you will never get in a courtroom and B) not something to be brushed off lightly.
As my father taught me, sometimes you have to ask yourself “if the screwing I’ll get worth the screwing that I got”.
Still, the best way for you to get competent advise is going to be to have a face-to-face meeting with a Coeur D Alene, ID criminal defense lawyer who can follow-up on your information with questions of her/his own, as well as review the police reports and citations and then offer an informed opinion.
Although it is not tailored to ID I suggest that you take a look at mt AVVO Legal Guide on Diversion in Florida. It contains a great deal of information on the subject and should be helpful to you. For your convenience a link follows:
Michael A. Haber, Esq.’s AVVO Legal Guide on Pre-Trial intervention / Diversion: What is it and is it right for me? – http://www.avvo.com/legal-guides/ugc/pre-trial-…
I hope that I have been helpful in answering your question.
https://www.youtube.com/c/michaelhaberlaw / http://habercriminallaw.blogspot.com